The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has published an updated assessment of the progress made by individual OECD countries in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Overall, the report indicates that OECD countries need to redouble their efforts to leave no one behind, especially to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 1 (no poverty), 5 (gender equality) and 10 (reducing inequalities), and achieving certain results in education and employment. , healthy behaviors, violence and security, and human rights.
The third edition of the annual report “Measuring Distance to the Goals of the 2019 Sustainable Development Goals: An Assessment of the Position of OECD Countries” assesses the performance of OECD countries in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals and the Millennium Development Goals. to their goals. On average, most OECD countries are those that most achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 7 (Clean and Affordable Energy), 11 Sustainable Development (Cities and Sustainable Communities) and 13 Sustainable Development (Climate Action). ).
Countries are also achieving good results under SDG 6 (drinking water and sanitation), SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production), SDG 14 (underwater life) and 15 (land life). Most OECD countries have broad access to basic sanitation (target 6.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals), electricity (target 7.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals) and mobile phone networks (target 9c Sustainable Development Goals). OECD countries meet maternal and child mortality targets (targets 3.1 and 3.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals) and reduce deaths from AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B (target 3.3 of SDG 3) and road accidents (target 3.6 of the Sustainable Development Goals). Countries have also made progress in adopting renewable energy sources (Goal 7.2 of the SDGs).
According to the report, the report states that countries are “moving in the wrong direction” and are the furthest away from SDG 2 (total hunger), SDG 5, SDG 10 and SDG 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions). In addition:
According to the report, more than half of the SDG goals require a cross-border effort, which means that achieving these 97 goals in one country will have an impact on neighboring countries, other countries or global goods, such as climate change and sustainable fisheries. However, indicators are only available for 31 of these objectives, resulting in “significant gaps in data to understand the global and interconnected aspects of the 2030 Agenda and its implementation”. Of the 97 cross-border objectives, 50 are means of implementation. objectives for financing and supporting developing countries’ efforts to achieve the SDGs. The authors note that cross-border objectives are also highly concentrated in the goals related to the planet.
Source: SDG Knowledge Hub.