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Climate Impacts and Adaptation in 2019.

Climate Impacts and Adaptation in 2019.

This edition of SDG Knowledge Weekly reviews aid priorities for next year and efforts towards SDGs on humanitarian issues such as modern slavery, theme of goal 8.7 of the SDGs. We also summarize articles and knowledge products on climate adaptation, impacts and finances published at the Katowice Climate Change Conference at the end of 2018.

The 2030 Agenda affirms that humanitarian crises threaten to reverse development progress (paragraph 14), demand the empowerment of vulnerable people and resolve “to eliminate obstacles and limitations, strengthen support and meet the special needs of people living in areas affected by complex humanitarian emergencies. ” “(Section 23). In a set of views of development experts and experts in aid priorities for 2019, compiled by the Thomson Reuters Foundation, highlights the needs from the famine to the armed conflict and migration, and the relationships between these issues. Preparation will be a key issue for next year, as agencies prepare for possible outbreaks of disease and work to develop climate resilience. Multiple heads of humanitarian organizations point out concerns related to Ebola, the “man-made disaster” in Yemen, and refugee crises in the Americas, Southeast Asia and Central Africa. They demand a better understanding of root causes, political will and stable funding to address issues.

Ben Parker, IRIN News, says humanitarian principles are “under attack” by pointing to hospital bombing and attacks on humanitarian workers in conflict zones. It highlights the need for new funding sources and the importance of “giving money, not things,” and points out that fears that the cash will be unwisely spent by the recipients have proved unfounded. Parker also asks for local, “homegrown” help that balances the role of international organizations with that of grassroots NGOs and local networks, pointing out the barriers that restrict funding to particular entities (such as the humanitarian aid policy of the European Commission that only allows the financing of the EU). entities).

By looking in particular at the efforts to end modern slavery (SDG objective 8.7), Reuters summarizes the objectives for the year and identifies new ways to combat the problem. The article points out that new technological developments, such as satellite images and the blockchain, are increasing transparency while increasing regulatory and consumer pressure is helping to keep supply chains free from slavery. However, he recognizes that some nations are trying to minimize the problem; In more authoritarian regimes, “modern slavery does not matter.” Therefore, the article concludes that consumers must better understand the problem and challenge their governments to take action.

Jennifer Morris, CEO of the Walk Free Foundation, laments in an opinion piece by Impakter that SDG’s goal 8.7 “is slipping away.” Morris clarifies that the term “modern slavery” refers not only to forced labor, but also to human trafficking, debt bondage, forced marriage and child labor. Current data, he says, estimate that more than 40 million people are currently living in modern-day slavery, and almost three-quarters are women and girls. She describes modern-day slavery as a “dark by-product of globalization,” where the demand for cheap goods and services has skyrocketed. Fortunately, he says, efforts such as the Global Slavery Index and policies such as the UK Modern Slavery Law are highlighting the issue.

In December, the United Nations University (UNU) launched an online panel that provides a graphic visualization of trends in modern-day slavery and offers additional resources to help combat the problem. SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth) will be reviewed at the UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) when it meets in July 2019.

Even when humanitarian aid budgets are already stretched, climate impacts also seem to be pushing the limits of public spending. A Christian Aid report published at the end of December 2018 identifies the ten most destructive weather events of the year, including hurricanes, fires, droughts and floods, each of which caused damage of more than $ 1 billion. The publication notes that the floods in Kerala, India, displaced more than a million people, forcing them to go to the fields (and making them dependent on humanitarian assistance).

Source: SDG Knowledge Hub.