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Need to Accelerate SDG Implementation

Need to Accelerate SDG Implementation

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has published an updated assessment of the progress made by individual OECD countries in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Overall, the report indicates that OECD countries need to redouble their efforts to leave no one behind, especially to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 1 (no poverty), 5 (gender equality) and 10 (reducing inequalities), and achieving certain results in education and employment. , healthy behaviors, violence and security, and human rights.

The third edition of the annual report “Measuring Distance to the Goals of the 2019 Sustainable Development Goals: An Assessment of the Position of OECD Countries” assesses the performance of OECD countries in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals and the Millennium Development Goals. to their goals. On average, most OECD countries are those that most achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 7 (Clean and Affordable Energy), 11 Sustainable Development (Cities and Sustainable Communities) and 13 Sustainable Development (Climate Action). ).

Countries are also achieving good results under SDG 6 (drinking water and sanitation), SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production), SDG 14 (underwater life) and 15 (land life). Most OECD countries have broad access to basic sanitation (target 6.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals), electricity (target 7.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals) and mobile phone networks (target 9c Sustainable Development Goals). OECD countries meet maternal and child mortality targets (targets 3.1 and 3.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals) and reduce deaths from AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B (target 3.3 of SDG 3) and road accidents (target 3.6 of the Sustainable Development Goals). Countries have also made progress in adopting renewable energy sources (Goal 7.2 of the SDGs).

According to the report, the report states that countries are “moving in the wrong direction” and are the furthest away from SDG 2 (total hunger), SDG 5, SDG 10 and SDG 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions). In addition:

  • In OECD countries, one in seven lives in poverty (target 1.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals).
  • Vaccine coverage is declining in 13 countries, posing risks for previously eradicated diseases (SDG target 3.8) and obesity has increased in one-third of OECD countries (SDG 3).
  • One in four 15-year-old adults and one adult do not have basic digital skills (SDG target 4.1) and 14% of young people do not study, work or train, with higher percentages in Italy, Turkey, Chile, Mexico and Spain (Objective 4.3 of the SDGs)
  • With regard to gender equality, women occupy less than one-third of the seats in national parliaments, on average in OECD countries, and no country has achieved equal representation (SDG target 5.5). ).
  • Six per cent of women in the OECD say they have been victims of partner violence in the past 12 months, moving all countries away from Goal 5.2 of the SDGs to eliminate all forms of violence in the country. for women and girls.
  • Gross domestic product (GDP) over the medium term and productivity growth (SDG 8) are declining in many countries.
  • In two-thirds of OECD countries, the number of threatened species has increased (Sustainable Development Goals 14 and 15).
  • The report is concerned about data gaps, noting that “more than a third of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals can not be evaluated in OECD countries”. The available data only evaluated 105 of the 169 targets. Data coverage is optimal for SDGs 3 and 4, and poorer for “environment-related” targets, in particular SDGs 12 and 14.

According to the report, more than half of the SDG goals require a cross-border effort, which means that achieving these 97 goals in one country will have an impact on neighboring countries, other countries or global goods, such as climate change and sustainable fisheries. However, indicators are only available for 31 of these objectives, resulting in “significant gaps in data to understand the global and interconnected aspects of the 2030 Agenda and its implementation”. Of the 97 cross-border objectives, 50 are means of implementation. objectives for financing and supporting developing countries’ efforts to achieve the SDGs. The authors note that cross-border objectives are also highly concentrated in the goals related to the planet.

Source: SDG Knowledge Hub.