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Positive and Negative Trends on SDGs.

Positive and Negative Trends on SDGs.

Representatives from Latin America and the Caribbean reviewed progress and challenges related to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs in the region, at the third meeting of the Caribbean Countries Forum. Latin America and the Caribbean on sustainable development.

The Forum was established in May 2016 as a regional mechanism for implementing and monitoring the 2030 Agenda for Development and the SDGs. The Forum has met annually under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

The 2019 Forum met April 22-26 in Santiago de Chile. It included peer learning sessions that addressed the specific challenges of implementing the 2030 Agenda in the Caribbean and the Europe-LAC dialogue on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. During the meeting, ECLAC also presented a quadrennial report on progress and regional issues related to the 2030 Agenda for Development.

ECLAC Executive Secretary Alicia Bárcena has identified positive trends in the region with regard to the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals, including the achievement of SDG target 3.2 (reducing the under-five mortality rate in developing countries). less than 25 per 1,000 live births) and satisfactory progress against target 17.8 of the Sustainable Development Goals. (percentage of people using the Internet). However, she stated that two objectives would not be achieved: Goal 6.1 of the SDGs (ensuring universal and equitable access to affordable drinking water) and Goal 4.1 of the SDGs (universal access to education). secondary school by 2030). In addition, progress towards achieving Goal 2.1 of the SDGs (ensuring access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food throughout the year) has been halted.

The final document of the Forum calls for:

  • Address the specific development needs of middle-income countries by taking into account criteria other than per capita income
  • Increase implementation and awareness of the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Improve the environmental quality of cities.

Adopt a broader, more people-centered and inclusive approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR).
It also recognizes the need to strengthen the means of implementation of the 2030 Agenda, including through SDG 17 (Partnerships for Goals); underlines the crucial role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals; invites the Forum to discuss the impact of rapid technological changes, such as artificial intelligence (AI), on achieving the SDGs; recalls the importance of South-South and triangular cooperation; and underlines the commitment to address statistical challenges and advance the production of quality data for the SDGs.

In a dialogue with the EU on the revitalization of multilateral cooperation with a focus on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, participants: called for moving from current foreign direct investment programs to public-private partnerships private sector focused on achieving the 2030 program; and, highlighting SDG 14 (Underwater Life), highlighted the work done by Norway, Chile, Jamaica, Mexico and others to create a “sustainable ocean economy”.

Luis Alfonso de Alba, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the 2019 Climate Summit, briefed participants at a special session on high-level events of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2019. Emphasizing that countries can develop and fight climate change at the same time, he said the climate program should be an integral part of national development plans. He also urged the private sector and civil society to become more involved in climate issues.

Source: SDG Knowledge Hub.